The longest mountain range in the world is Andes belt which lies in South America. Before digging into the deep, first, we have to know what is mountain ranges or belt? the sequence of the naturally elevated lands that are topographically connected is known as mountain ranges.
Such mountains and hills ranges are formed by drift and collide of tectonic plates in our earth. For the sake of your knowledge, there are maritime-based ranges under the ocean as well. Nevertheless, in this content am gonna focus on land-based ranges.
Andes Mountain Range – Continent : South America
The Andes mountain range of South America is the longest in the world, stretching from southern tip to northern tip or vice-versa of the continent. The approximate covering distance of Andes is 7,000 km (4,350 miles) which touches seven countries Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina.
Mount Aconcagua in Argentina is the highest peak of the Andes range which is 6,962 m (22,841 ft.) above sea level. Continentally, it is also the second-largest mountain in the world after Asian giants. Furthermore, we can find many massive volcanic crests in Andes ranges, amongst the Ojos del Salado 6,893 m (22,615 ft.) is the highest volcano in the world, sited at cross-border of Chile and Argentina. Furthermore, these areas are quite rich in flora and fauna as well. No doubt this area is the blissful spot for any researcher, great adventurer, and traveler.
In terms of climate, there is no mountainous region in the world that has fix climate, the weather remains changed frequently. Yet, in this lengthy array of elevation, we can point out a bit different according to the positioned of mt. area, since it also crosses equatorial lines of the earth. We all know that elevation does matter in mountainous regions i.e. the higher the altitude the colder it will be. However, if we dig thru comparatively you can easily understand regarding the Andes climate i.e. the northern parts are bit warmer then center part, and the center part poses mild-dry-cold and southern part remains much colder rather to midpoint part.
Great Escarpment Range – Continent : Southern Africa
The Southern Great Escarpment range of Southern Africa is the second-longest mountain range in the world. The Great Escarpment chain is elongating for an approx. coldness of 5,000 km (3,100 miles). Angola, Namibia, South Africa, Lesotho, Eswatini (Swaziland), Zimbabwe, and Mozambique are the seven blessed countries that are roofed by the second-longest massif in the world.
Thabana Ntlenyana of Lesotho is the highest peak in the Great Escarpment range (GER) with 3,482 meters (11,424 ft) in height from the sea level. The vast majority of the highest portion of GER lies in the eastern part of South Africa and or cross-border areas of Lesotho and South Africa, this area is also known as Drakensberg range and or Lesotho Highland (or Maloti massif). The Drakensberg areas are conserved by both countries as a park, where we can appreciate the African zest of wildlife and vegetation.
In the context of touristic destination, all African nations which are covered by the Great Escarpment range seem to be well protected by their government. So, these places are rich in biodiversity, can be one of the best places to visit in the Southern part of Africa and must be kept in the bucket list for your next destination to sight the southern flavor of the African Mountains.
Climate: The Drakensberg area remains cool in wintertime rather than other parts of Great Escarpment.
Rocky Mountains – Continent : North America
The Rocky Mountain Range is the third lengthiest mountain chain in the world, stretching from the Northern British Colombia of Canada to the New Mexico of America (USA). The total length of the Rockies range is approx. 4,800 km (3,000 miles). In North America, Canada and the United States are only the two luckiest giants that are blessed with Rocky Mountain.
Mount Elbert is the highest peak of the Rocky chain, located in Colorado of the United States. The height of the Mount Elbert is 4,401 meters (14,440 ft) above the sea level. The vast extents of ranges are protected & preserved by the government and the areas hold one of the great touristic destinations in North America to have many recreational and adventure activities like hiking, mountain biking, trekking, climbing, camping, etc.
Transantarctic Mountains – Continent : Antarctica
The Transantarctic mountain range of Antarctica is the fourth largest mountain range in the world, which stretches amid two seas called the Weddell Sea and the Ross Sea. The length of the Transantarctic belt is around 3,542 km (2,200 miles) which divide the continent into east and west part.
Mount Vinson is the highest peak in Antarctica with an altitude of 4,892 meters (16,050 ft), situated in the west part of Antarctica. Despite the fact, Mount Kirkpatrick 4,528 m (14,855.6 ft) is the highest peak of the Transantarctic range lies in Queen Maud. The large part of this continent is covered by snow and the climatic condition is extremely cold. It is also home to the seals and penguins and few other creatures which can adapt to an extremely cold environment.
Antarctica is not perfectly habitable for human beings, still, there are many virgin places which are only suitable for daring adventurous people who want to explore the challenging scenario.
Great Dividing Range – Continent : Australia
The Great Dividing Range is the fifth-longest mountain range in the world, situated in the eastern part of Australia. The length of the Great Dividing Range is about 3,059 km (1,900 miles). Alternatively, it is also widely known as the Eastern Highlands of Australia. GDR is composed of many mountains, plateau, Aussie alps, scarps and so forth.
Mount Kosciuszko is the highest mountain of Australia with an elevation of 2,228 meters (7,310 ft) above sea level. It is also one of the snowy mountains of Australia. There are many parks, protected areas and ski resorts inside the Great Dividing channel and it consists of many perfect places for recreational activities.
Himalayan Range – Continent : Asia
The Himalayan range is the sixth-largest mountain range in the world, cover something like 2,576 km (1,600 miles). The range pass through Nepal, India, Pakistan, Bhutan, China, Afghanistan, and Myanmar. The Himalayas is one the youngest and rich in biodiversity range in the world.
Despite of being sixth-largest range, this Himalayan belt has a collection of the world’s tallest peak, such as Mount Everest (8,848 m), Mt. K2, Annapurna, Manaslu, Dhaulagiri, etc. After Antarctica, this chain comprises 3rd major ice deposit in the world. One more interesting fact is that amongst word’s top ten massifs, Nepal is the only country which is blessed by 8 out of the 10 highest mountains in the world. While the areas are highly rich in terms of biodiversity and it is the place that every human must have to visit.
List of the longest mountain ranges in the world
|1.||Andes||Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina||7,000 km (4,350 miles)|
|2.||Southern Great Escarpment||Angola, Namibia, South Africa, Lesotho, Eswatini (Swaziland), Zimbabwe, Mozambique||5,000 km (3,100 miles)|
|3.||Rocky Mountains||Canada, United States of America (USA)||4,800 km (3,000 miles)|
|4.||Trans-antarctic Mountains||Antarctica||3,542 km (2,200 miles)|
|5.||Great Dividing Range||Australia||3,059 km (1,900 miles)|
|6.||Himalayas||Nepal, Bhutan, India, Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, Myanmar||2,576 km (1,600 miles)|
Common Question and Answer About Mountains
Andes mountains of South America is the longest mt. chain in the globe.
Himalayan mt. chain is the youngest Mountain range in the world.
Mt. Annapurna is the most dangerous peak in the world, since it has high fatality rate.
No, it is formed by collision of two tectonics plate i.e Indo-Australian and Eurasian plates.
1. Scandinavian Mountains: 1,762 km (1,095 miles).
2. Carpathian Mountains: 1,500 km (900 miles).
3. Alps: 1,200 km (750 miles).
You may also like the difference between Annapurna and Everest.